当前位置:美高梅游戏 > 天涯明月刀图片 > 7. webView中的图片点击事件

7. webView中的图片点击事件

文章作者:天涯明月刀图片 上传时间:2019-10-30

7. webView中的图片点击事件。2.1 准备好JS文件

// js文件,如:acepack_details.js
function setImageClickFunction(){
    var imgs = document.getElementsByTagName("img");
    for (var i=0;i<imgs.length;i++){
        imgs[i].style.webkitUserSelect='none';
    }
}

1. iOS 禁用webView加载网页的长按出现'拷贝'事件

- (void)webViewDidFinishLoad:(UIWebView *)webView {
    [self.webView stringByEvaluatingJavaScriptFromString:@"document.documentElement.style.webkitUserSelect='none';"];
    [self.webView stringByEvaluatingJavaScriptFromString:@"document.documentElement.style.webkitTouchCallout='none';"];
}

7. webView中的图片点击事件

UIWebView学习笔记

7. webView中的图片点击事件。9.2 为什么可以进行缓存?

  • NSURLCache在每个UIWebView的的NSURLRequest请求中都会被调用。
  • iOS 5之前:只支持内存缓存;从iOS 5开始:同时支持内存缓存和硬盘缓存。

7. webView中的图片点击事件。8.2 处理点击UIWebView上面的图片

#pragma mark - 处理点击UIWebView上面的图片
- (BOOL)handleWebViewClickImageWithUrl:(NSString *)url{
    NSString *requestString = url;
    NSArray *components = [requestString componentsSeparatedByString:@":"];
    if ([components count] > 1 && [(NSString *)[components objectAtIndex:0]
                                   isEqualToString:@"myweb"]) {
        if([(NSString *)[components objectAtIndex:1] isEqualToString:@"touch"]) {
            //NSLog(@"you are touching!");
            //NSTimeInterval delaytime = Delaytime;
            if ([(NSString *)[components objectAtIndex:2] isEqualToString:@"start"]) {
                /*
                 @需延时判断是否响应页面内的js...
                 */
                _gesState = GESTURE_STATE_START;
                NSLog(@"touch start!");
                float ptX = [[components objectAtIndex:3]floatValue];
                float ptY = [[components objectAtIndex:4]floatValue];
                NSLog(@"touch point (%f, %f)", ptX, ptY);
                NSString *js = [NSString stringWithFormat:@"document.elementFromPoint(%f, %f).tagName", ptX, ptY];
                NSString *tagName = [self.webView stringByEvaluatingJavaScriptFromString:js];
                _imgURL = nil;
                if ([tagName isEqualToString:@"IMG"]) {
                    _imgURL = [NSString stringWithFormat:@"document.elementFromPoint(%f, %f).src", ptX, ptY];
                }
                if (_imgURL) {
                    _timer = [NSTimer scheduledTimerWithTimeInterval:1 target:self selector:@selector(handleLongTouch) userInfo:nil repeats:NO];
                }
            }
            else if ([(NSString *)[components objectAtIndex:2] isEqualToString:@"move"])
            {
                //**如果touch动作是滑动,则取消hanleLongTouch动作**//
                _gesState = GESTURE_STATE_MOVE;
                NSLog(@"you are move");
            }
            else if ([(NSString *)[components objectAtIndex:2]isEqualToString:@"end"]) {
                [_timer invalidate];
                _timer = nil;
                _gesState = GESTURE_STATE_END;
                NSLog(@"touch end");
            }
        }
        return NO;
    }
    return YES;
}
// 处理长按事件
- (void)handleLongTouch {
    NSLog(@"%@", _imgURL);
    if (_imgURL && _gesState == GESTURE_STATE_START) {
        UIActionSheet *sheet = [[UIActionSheet alloc] initWithTitle:nil delegate:self cancelButtonTitle:@"取消" destructiveButtonTitle:nil otherButtonTitles:@"保存图片", nil];
        sheet.cancelButtonIndex = sheet.numberOfButtons - 1;
        [sheet showInView:[UIApplication sharedApplication].keyWindow];
    }
}
// 弹出对话框
- (void)actionSheet:(UIActionSheet *)actionSheet clickedButtonAtIndex:(NSInteger)buttonIndex {
    if (actionSheet.numberOfButtons - 1 == buttonIndex) return;
    NSString *title = [actionSheet buttonTitleAtIndex:buttonIndex];
    if ([title isEqualToString:@"保存图片"]) {
        if (_imgURL) {
            NSLog(@"imgurl = %@", _imgURL);
        }
        NSString *urlToSave = [self.webView stringByEvaluatingJavaScriptFromString:_imgURL];
        NSLog(@"image url=%@", urlToSave);
        NSData *data = [NSData dataWithContentsOfURL:[NSURL URLWithString:urlToSave]];
        UIImage *image = [UIImage imageWithData:data];
        UIImageWriteToSavedPhotosAlbum(image, self, @selector(image:didFinishSavingWithError:contextInfo:), nil);
    }
}
// 回调
- (void)image:(UIImage *)image didFinishSavingWithError:(NSError *)error contextInfo:(void *)contextInfo {
    if (error) {
        NSLog(@"Error");
    } else {
        NSLog(@"OK");
    }
}

7.3 webView请求回调里,执行JS

// 调用JS里的setImageClickFunction()函数
[self.webView stringByEvaluatingJavaScriptFromString:@"setImageClickFunction()"];

7.4 拦截请求,处理图片的单击事件

-(BOOL)webView:(UIWebView *)webView shouldStartLoadWithRequest:(NSURLRequest *)_request navigationType:(UIWebViewNavigationType)navigationType {
    NSString *requestString = [[_request URL] absoluteString];
    NSString *prefix = @"clickimage:";
    if ([requestString hasPrefix:prefix]) {
        DDLogVerbose(@"%@", requestString);
        NSUInteger index = 0;
        NSRange range = [requestString rangeOfString:prefix];
        if (range.location != NSNotFound) {
            NSString *tmpSrc = [requestString substringFromIndex:(range.location + range.length)];
            index = [self.imgSrcArrayM indexOfObject:tmpSrc];
        }
        // 显示图片浏览器
        [self networkImageShow:index];
    }
    return YES;
}

9. webView缓存

2.2 注入JS

[self.webView stringByEvaluatingJavaScriptFromString:[NSString stringWithContentsOfURL:[[NSBundle mainBundle] URLForResource:@"acepack_details" withExtension:@"js"] encoding:NSUTF8StringEncoding error:nil]];

8. 长按webView上的图片,保存

9.5 设置NSURLRequest缓存策略

  • NSURLRequestUseProtocolCachePolicy // 默认的缓存策略(取决于协议)
  • 7. webView中的图片点击事件。7. webView中的图片点击事件。NSURLRequestReloadIgnoringLocalCacheData // 忽略缓存,重新请求
  • NSURLRequestReloadIgnoringLocalAndRemoteCacheData // 未实现
  • NSURLRequestReloadIgnoringCacheData = NSURLRequestReloadIgnoringLocalCacheData // 忽略缓存,重新请求
  • NSURLRequestReturnCacheDataElseLoad // 有缓存就用缓存,没有缓存就重新请求
  • NSURLRequestReturnCacheDataDontLoad // 有缓存就用缓存,没有缓存就不发请求,当做请求出错处理(用于离线模式)
  • NSURLRequestReloadRevalidatingCacheData // 未实现

7.1 准备好JS文件

// js文件,如:acepack_details.js
function setImageClickFunction(){
    // 取出所有的img标签
    var imgs = document.getElementsByTagName("img");
    for (var i=0;i<imgs.length;i++){
        var src = imgs[i].src;
        // 绑定事件
        imgs[i].setAttribute("onClick","clickme(src)");
    }
}

function clickme(imagesrc){
    var url="ClickImage:"+imagesrc;
    document.location = url;
}

2. iOS webView长按图片,不出现'拷贝'(iOS9默认就是这种效果)

9.4 NSURLCache常用方法

  1. 全局缓存对象
NSURLCache *cache = [NSURLCache sharedURLCache]; 
  1. 设置内存缓存的最大容量(字节为单位,默认为512KB)
-(void)setMemoryCapacity:(NSUInteger)memoryCapacity;
  1. 设置硬盘缓存的最大容量(字节为单位,默认为10M)
-(void)setDiskCapacity:(NSUInteger)diskCapacity;
  1. 取得某个请求的缓存
-(NSCachedURLResponse *)cachedResponseForRequest:(NSURLRequest *)request; ```
5. 清除某个请求的缓存
``` objc
-(void)removeCachedResponseForRequest:(NSURLRequest *)request;
  1. 清除所有的缓存
-(void)removeAllCachedResponses;

9.1 缓存的意义

  1. webView一般是加载UI比较复杂绚丽、可变、iOS原生控件不容易实现的界面,所以网页的元素一般都很复杂,对处于GPRS环境下的用户而言,流量是个大问题,所以需要缓存!
  2. 当用户处于断网状态下时,为了避免用户进入空白页面,应该把上次已经加载过的页面呈现给用户!
  3. webView的请求一般都是GET,POST请求一般是发大量数据给服务器处理(变动性比较大),因此一般只对GET请求进行缓存,而不对POST请求进行缓存。

3. webView作为tableView的tableHeaderView

  • 在webView的回调方法里,一定要重新设置tableView的tableHeaderView,否则会出现意想不到的问题。
-(void)webViewDidFinishLoad:(UIWebView *)webView {
    // 获取到webview的高度
    CGFloat height = [[self.webView stringByEvaluatingJavaScriptFromString:@"document.body.scrollHeight"] floatValue];
    self.webView.frame = CGRectMake(self.webView.frame.origin.x, self.webView.frame.origin.y, ScreenWidth, height);
    // 一定要重新设置tableView的tableHeaderView,否则会出现意想不到的问题。
    [self tableView].tableHeaderView = self.webView;
}

5. webView注入JS代码

[self.webView stringByEvaluatingJavaScriptFromString:[NSString stringWithContentsOfURL:[[NSBundle mainBundle] URLForResource:@"acepack_details" withExtension:@"js"] encoding:NSUTF8StringEncoding error:nil]];

8.1 注入JS

static NSString* const kTouchJavaScriptString=
@"document.ontouchstart=function(event){
x=event.targetTouches[0].clientX;
y=event.targetTouches[0].clientY;
document.location="myweb:touch:start:"+x+":"+y;};
document.ontouchmove=function(event){
x=event.targetTouches[0].clientX;
y=event.targetTouches[0].clientY;
document.location="myweb:touch:move:"+x+":"+y;};
document.ontouchcancel=function(event){
document.location="myweb:touch:cancel";};
document.ontouchend=function(event){
document.location="myweb:touch:end";};";
[self.webView stringByEvaluatingJavaScriptFromString:kTouchJavaScriptString];

6. webView执行JS代码

// 调用JS里的setImageClickFunction()函数
[self.webView stringByEvaluatingJavaScriptFromString:@"setImageClickFunction()"];

7.2 注入JS

[self.webView stringByEvaluatingJavaScriptFromString:[NSString stringWithContentsOfURL:[[NSBundle mainBundle] URLForResource:@"acepack_details" withExtension:@"js"] encoding:NSUTF8StringEncoding error:nil]];

9.3 怎么做到缓存?

  • iOS设备上NSURLCache默认只能进行内存缓存。可以通过子类化NSURLCache来实现自定义的版本从而实现在DISK上缓存内容。
  • 需要重写cachedResponseForRequest,这个会在请求发送前会被调用,从中我们可以判定是否针对此NSURLRequest返回本地数据。
  • 如果本地没有缓存就调用下面这条语句:return [super cachedResponseForRequest:request];

4. 替换webView中的img标签的图片

  • 应用场景
    • 获取页面中所有图片,图片浏览器
    • 非WIFI环境下,加载本地图片
- (NSString *)replaceImageUrl:(NSString *) content {
    // 匹配<img>标签
    NSString *urlPattern = @"<img[^>]+?src=["']?([^>'"]+)["']?";
    NSError *error = [NSError new];
    NSString *tmp = content;
    NSRegularExpression *regex = [NSRegularExpression regularExpressionWithPattern:urlPattern options:NSRegularExpressionCaseInsensitive error:&error ];
    // match 这块内容非常强大
    NSUInteger count =[regex numberOfMatchesInString:content options:NSRegularExpressionCaseInsensitive range:NSMakeRange(0, [content length])];// 匹配到的次数
    UIImage *img = [UIImage imageNamed:@"icon_app"];
    // 用网络图片替换webView上显示的图片
    NSString *tmpStr = @"https://ss0.bdstatic.com/5aV1bjqh_Q23odCf/static/superman/img/logo/logo_white_fe6da1ec.png";
    // 用本地图片替换webView上显示的图片
    tmpStr = [self htmlForJPGImage:img];
    if(count > 0) {
        NSArray* matches = [regex matchesInString:content options:NSMatchingReportCompletion range:NSMakeRange(0, [content length])];
        for (NSTextCheckingResult *match in matches) {
            NSInteger count = [match numberOfRanges]; // 匹配项
            for(NSInteger index = 0;index < count;index++){
                NSRange halfRange = [match rangeAtIndex:index];
                if (index == 1) {
                    // 图片的src属性值
                    NSString *urlStr = [content substringWithRange:halfRange];
                    NSLog(@"=%@=",urlStr);
                    // 保存图片URL
                    [self.imgSrcArrayM addObject:[content substringWithRange:halfRange]];
                    // 替换src属性值
                    tmp = [tmp stringByReplacingOccurrencesOfString:urlStr withString: tmpStr];
                }
            }
        }
    }
    return tmp;
}

// 编码图片
- (NSString *)htmlForJPGImage:(UIImage *)image {
    NSData *imageData = UIImageJPEGRepresentation(image,1.0);
    NSString *imageSource = [NSString stringWithFormat:@"data:image/jpg;base64,%@",[imageData base64Encoding]];
    return imageSource;
}

本文由美高梅游戏发布于天涯明月刀图片,转载请注明出处:7. webView中的图片点击事件

关键词: